metro system in mexico city facts

Besides the metro, other public transportation options in Mexico's capital include the metrobús. As of 2014, the system is composed of 12 lines denominated 1 through 9, 12, A and B, totalling 226.5 km (140.7 mi) of track length and 195 stations. When it opened in 1969 with line 1 (the "Pink Line"), two stations alluded to the Revolution. At the time of Line 1's opening, Mexico's illiteracy rate was high. Not affiliated with the STC. Each system in Mexico City’s public transportation network is run by a different company or organization. 143 Restaurants within 5 miles. [10] Public intellectual Carlos Monsiváis has commented on the cultural importance of the Metro, "a space for collective expression, where diverse social sectors are compelled to mingle every day".[11]. This made possible Line 7 to be built as a deep-tunnel. As of April 2012, 14 types of standard gauge rolling stock totalling a number of 355 trains running in 6-or 9-car formation are currently in use on the Mexico City Metro. [37] Servicio de Transportes Eléctricos manages both the Xochimilco Light Rail line and the city's trolleybus system. Line B was intended as a second línea alimentadora for northeastern municipalities in the State of Mexico, but, unlike line A, it used pneumatic traction. "Hallazgos en el metro: Conjunto de adoratorios superpuestos en Pino Suárez,", Gómez Mayorga, Mauricio. "Mexico City's Metro--The World's Highest Subway--Quietly Rolls Along,", This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 23:54. 65 of the 91 lines of bus and electric transport served this area. Opened in 1904, there are now 468 stations, the most of any system in the world. The subway, which has been in operation for over a hundred years, is rich in history, and you could go on and on with all the interesting facts. The Wikipedia entry on the Metro system is a good place to start, if you are interested in those kinds of details. METRO: Total length of Mexico City Subway is now 176.8 km ... which is entirely on the surface. The network map is relatively simple and the stations are well-signposted, so you shouldn't have too much trouble finding your way even if … At the end of 2007, the Federal District government announced the construction of the most recent STC Metro line, Line 12, which was built to run approximately 26 kilometres (16 mi)[7] towards the southeastern part of the city, connecting with Lines 7, 3, 2 and 8. Announced by President López Obrador, the 27.9-billion-peso (US $1.5-billion) project will connect Chalco, México state, to the Santa Martha Metro station in the Mexico City … [35], STC Metro rechargeable cards were first available for an initial cost of MXN $10.00. At M$5 a ride, it’s one of the world’s cheapest subways. Schematic map of the Mexico City Metro List of stations. The extension increases the line from having only 18 stations to a grand total of 51 stations, once the 2nd phase is open. Mexico City Metro system map as of October 2014. Trains arrive every two to three minutes during rush hours. → Subscribe to our channel https://goo.gl/nyyK9K -Find our content valuable? In 1970, Revolución opened, with the station at the Monument to the Revolution. He took a gun and killed him and a construction worker who tried to disarm him, and injured 5 others. The 226.5 km long network that runs on 12 lines, serving 195 stations in total, is the second longest metro system in North America. Website dedicated to the Mexico City Metro system, as well as the Metrobus, Tren Ligero and Tren Suburbano systems. The latest addition to the public transport system in Mexico City/ the State of Mexico is the teleférico, or cable car. It has also been a site for the 1990 Hollywood movie Total Recall. Derou, Georges. Mexico City’s metro system (subway) is the largest of Latin America, with 12 lines along 226 kms, 195 stations and 7 million people using it every day. This line opened on 30 October 2012. Rental Cars See rental cars from $5/day. The best way to get around Mexico City is via Uber or a taxi. It is managed by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo (STC). Line 12 first service stage was planned for completion in late 2009 with the creation of track connecting Axomulco, a planned new transfer station for Line 8 (between Escuadrón 201 and Atlalilco) to Tláhuac. In Mexico City the first stage of a combined underground and surface metro system (designed after the Paris Métro) was opened in 1969. The metro has led to a large quantity of archeological findings, and has also let us understand more about the pattern of ancient civilizations in the Mexican capital by analyzing its underground from various time periods. The best way to get around Mexico City is via Uber or a taxi. Now the largest city in North America, Mexico City’s metro area population is nearly double the size of the L.A. metro area. Mexico City was the first metro system to use symbols and colours for identifying stations. Colors according to the official STC icons. Although logos are no longer necessary due to literacy being now widespread, their usage remained. The Mexico City metropolitan area is the ninth largest in the world and has the world’s largest Spanish-speaking population. Most of the stock is rapid transit type, with the exception of the Line A stock, which is light metro. [citation needed] Objects and small structures were found, with origins spanning from prehistoric times to the 20th century. In 1980, two popular heroes of the Revolution were honored, with Zapata explicitly commemorating the peasant revolutionary from Morelos. Texas Ribs Lomas Estrella (107) 4.3 mi $$ - $$$ American. For example, I include no information regarding the types of trains used, or an in-depth study of the history of the system, as these are not topics that interest me too much. Used by around 4.4 million passengers on an average weekday, it has 195 stations and more than 226km of track on 12 lines. Some four-and-a-half million people use Mexico City’s metro system each weekday. The first train was parked at the platform when it was hit by another train that came in reverse. Teleférico. I also will include my own personal commentary on certain aspects of the system wherever appropriate. Gray only may be used to avoid confusion with line 8, which uses a similar green. Not only is it fairly clean and quick, but you can ride for approximately $0.25. It was opened in 1969 and was extended three times and currently has 20 stations. Thanks! Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México, locally [sjuˈða(ð) ðe ˈmexiko] (); abbreviated as CDMX; Nahuatl languages: Āltepētl Mēxihco) is the capital and largest city of Mexico and the most-populous city in North America. The Mexico City metro is one of the cheapest and quickest ways to get around the city. On Line 2, there was no service between stations Bellas Artes and Tasqueña. According to the 1985 STC Metro Master Plan, Metrobús Line 1 roughly follows the route planned for STC Metro Line 15 by 2010, which was never built. A single ticket, currently MXN $5.00, allows a rider one trip anywhere within the system with unlimited transfers. El Diez (107) 2.8 mi $$ - $$$ Steakhouse. By 2010, the metro system is expected to grow to 15 lines, stretch over 315 kilometers (196 miles), and carry more than 12 million passengers per day. That yet it lives should tell you something. [citation needed], On the day of the quake, the Metro stopped service and completely shut down for fear of electrocution. Chapultepec’s Castle is the only real castle in the Americas, as it was home of Spanish Viceroys and the Austrian Emperor, Maximilian of Habsburg. The same map shows that Line 8 would have reached the Villa Coapa area and that it would not have had a terminal at Garibaldi, but at Indios Verdes, linking with Line 3. In 2019, the system served 1.655 billion passengers, placing it as the tenth highest ridership in the world. The system survived the 1985 Mexico City earthquake.[6]. Mexico City Metro Line A is one of the twelve metro lines operating in Mexico City, Mexico.The line's color is purple. The official site can be found here. This runs from the Indios Verdes metro station in the north of the city and ends in notorious Ecatepec. Teleférico. The first stage of construction comprised the construction and inauguration of lines 1, 2 and 3. UrbanRail.Net > America > Mexico City HISTORY OF THE MEXICO CITY METRO (Thanks to Marco Monroy for this UrbanRail.Net contribution) Part 1: The Origin. Its operation started in 1969, using pneumatic traction instead of steel wheels. The Mexico City Metro (Spanish: Metro de la Ciudad de México), officially called Sistema de Transporte Colectivo, often shortened to STC, is a rapid transit system that serves the metropolitan area of Mexico City, including some municipalities in Mexico State. [39], On 18 September 2009, a man was vandalizing the walls of Balderas station with a marker before being confronted by a police officer. All lines have underground and surface sections, except line 1, which is completely underground, and line 4, which is entirely on the surface. Find out about the Metro's History and all opening dates Works began with the expansion of Line 3 towards the north from Tlatelolco to La Raza in 1978 and to the current terminal Indios Verdes in 1979, and towards the south from Hospital General to Centro Médico in 1980 and to Zapata months later. Santiago Metro to Expand Further With Two More New Lines. But despite the expansion and designation of several major streets as one-way thoroughfares ( ejes ) with synchronized street lights, traffic is often chaotic, particularly in the downtown area. The Tren Ligero (Light Train) is an extension of Mexico City’s Metro system. Mexico City Metro, Mexico (140 miles) The 140 mile-long Mexico City Metro is a rapid-transit rail system located in Mexico. The inaugural STC Metro line was 12.7 kilometres (7.9 mi) long, serving 16 stations, and opened to the public on 4 September 1969. Some examples of artifacts preserved by the Mexican National Institute of Anthropology and History (Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia de México (INAH)) are: parts of pyramids (like an altar to the Mexica god Ehecatl), a sculpture of the goddess Coatlicue, and remains of a mammoth. Learn about the stations In years past, the line was a 1950s style Tranvia (Tram), which was upgraded to Tren Ligero status and connects the southern-most Metro terminal, Metro Taxqueña, with Xochimilco, one of the southernmost suburbs in the capital. Rental Cars See rental cars from $5/day. Previous fare cards that were valid only on STC Metro or Metrobús remained valid for the system for which they were acquired.[38]. Mexico City’s subway is turning 50. Line 2 which was opened in 1970, extends from north-west to south of the city from Cuatro Caminos to Tasqueña. In South America , the Buenos Aires subway opened in 1913. The second stage, connecting Mixcoac to Tláhuac, was to be completed in 2010. Like the rolling stock used in the Paris Métro and the Montreal Metro, the numbering of the Mexico City Metro's rolling stock are specified by year of design (not year of first use). El Diez (107) 2.8 mi $$ - $$$ Steakhouse. Mexico City Metro . All five lines (Line 5 to be built during 2013) offer a connection to at least one STC Metro station. He carried out a series of studies that resulted in a draft plan which would ultimately lead to the construction of the Mexico City Metro. In South America, the Buenos Aires subway opened in 1913. Metrobús line 1 was inaugurated in 2005. The metro area population of Mexico City in 2019 was 21,672,000, a 0.42% increase from 2018. [1] Ten of the lines are rubber-tired; instead of traditional steel wheels, they use pneumatic traction, which are quieter[citation needed] and cope better with Mexico City's unstable soils. [39], On 4 May 2015 two trains crashed in Oceanía station, in Line 5, while both were going towards Politécnico station The first was leaving to Aragón station when was requested to stop and wait, while the second did not de-activated the autopilot and crashed it at the end of the platform. about each station. When compared to 13 other large metropolitan areas in Mexico, residential consumers in the capital pay only 72% of the resulting average. Here is an overview of each system’s fare structure: Metro Cost: 5 pesos. The 226.5 km long network that runs on 12 lines, serving 195 stations in total, is the second longest metro system in North America. Line 1 was expanded from Zaragoza to current terminal Pantitlán, and line 2 from Tacuba to current terminal Cuatro Caminos. The metro area population of Mexico City in 2018 was 21,581,000, a 0.38% increase from 2017. On 20 October 1975 two trains crashed in Viaducto station while both were going towards Tasqueña station. It runs from Pantitlán to La Paz, located in the municipality of the same name. September 5th, 2020 On September 7, 2020, the first phase of the extension of the Metrobús Line 5 will open to the public. Each line offers one service only, and to each line, a number (letter if feeding line) and color are assigned. Construction of Line 12 started in 2008, assuring it would be opened by 2011. In Mexico City: Cultural institutions. The world's ten longest metro system tunnels are situated on ; . The Mexico City Metro was given priority in the city’s 2015 capital budget. With minor changes, Line 12 runs from Mixcoac to Tláhuac, serving southern Mexico City for the first time. The card would be recharged at the ticket counter in any station (or at machines in some Metro stations) to a maximum of MXN $120.00 (around € 6.44, or US$ 7.05 in 2015) for 24 trips. It's one of the largest in the world — and one of the most peculiar ones. The efficient underground metro system, which opened in 1969, carried about four-and-a-half million passengers per day in 1999. In Canada, Toronto opened a subway in 1954; a second system was constructed in Montreal during the 1960s using Paris-type rubber-tired cars. By the end of the first stage, namely on 10 June 1972, the STC Metro had 48 stations and a total length of 41.41 kilometres (25.73 mi): Line 1 ran from Observatorio to Zaragoza, Line 2 from Tacuba into the southwestern Tasqueña and line 3 from Tlatelolco to Hospital General in the south, providing quick access to the General Hospital of Mexico. Unlike the rolling stock of most metro systems in North America, the vast majority of the metro's trains do not have air conditioning; forced-air ventilation is employed and the top portion of windows can be opened so that passenger comfort is enhanced by the combination of these two types of ventilation. Wise, Sydney Thomas. Every assigned color is present on square-shaped station logos, system maps and street signs, and neither colors nor numbers have been changed. Line 6 first route ran from El Rosario to Instituto del Petróleo; Line 7 was opened from Tacuba to Barranca del Muerto and runs on the bottom of the Sierra de las Cruces mountain range that surrounds the Valley of Mexico by its west side, outside of the ancient lake zone. In 2008, the Ferrocarril Suburbano commuter rail, commonly known as Suburbano, was inaugurated with a sole line running from Cuatitlán to Buenavista as of 2013. Villoro, Juan. The reason these stations were closed was not due to damage to the Metro proper, but rather because of surface rescue work and clearing of debris.[14]. Examples of Candela's work can be seen in San Lázaro, Candelaria, and Merced stations on Line 1. The logos are not assigned at random; rather, they are designated by considering the surrounding areas, such as: The logos' background colors reflect those of the line the station serves. The Mexico City Metro is a rapid transit system serving Greater Mexico City. On the morning of 19 September 1985, an 8.1 Richter magnitude earthquake struck Mexico City. The system has twelve lines which crisscross the capital. # MetroSystem # Subway # MexicoCity # Mexico # Videos # MassTransportation # QuickFacts While the novelty factor is tempting, we … These Stops On Mexico City’s Metro System Are Tourist Destinations All On Their Own By Justin Lessner October 5, 2019 at 3:47 pm Mexico City’s sprawling and bustling metro system just celebrated its 50th Anniverdary and to celebrate, the system opened the … In 2000, the, second largest metro system in North America, Sound of Mexico City Metro train arriving to a station, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Suburban Railway of the Valley of Mexico Metropolitan Area, Tren Interurbano de Pasajeros Toluca-Valle de México, List of Latin American rail transit systems by ridership, List of North American rapid transit systems by ridership, "Inauguraciones y Ampliaciones en Orden Cronológico Hasta 2000", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o4NdtURMoY8, "Etapas de construcción de la red del STC Metro", "Ponen Valentín Campa a tren del Metro; nueva estación también llevará su nombre", "Anuncia Mancera la próxima ampliación de la Línea 12 del Metro", "Plantean alargar la L-12 del Metro hasta Alta Tensión", "Mexico City Subway Dig Yields Aztec Remains and Artifacts - History in the Headlines", "Remains of a mammoth uncovered near Mexico City", "UrbanRail.Net > Central America > Mexico > Ciudad de Mexico Metro", "Aprueban usuarios incremento a la tarifa del Metro (Spanish)", "Arranca el uso de la TarjetaDF para Metro, Metrobús y Trolebús", "STC: Nueva Tarjeta del Distrito Federal (Spanish)", "El Metro de la Ciudad de México, como escenario de eventos trágicos, y muy trágicos", "Error humano causó choque de trenes en Metro Oceanía", "Convoy se deslizó hacia atrás 70km/h: investigación", Metro Chabacano, string quartet performance, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mexico_City_Metro&oldid=991817682, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 200.8 km (124.8 mi) in revenue service; (226.5 km (140.7 mi) considering maintenance tracks), The reference places that are located around the stations (e.g., the logo for. Tasqueña offers an in-station transfer, but during José López Portillo 's administration, a fifth rail... The book shows that line 7 to be built during 2013 ) offer a connection to at least one metro. Would have terminated at San Jerónimo minutes during rush hours end of 1985 ago, it serves. Movie total Recall Estrella ( 107 ) 2.8 mi $ $ - $ $ - $ -... Numbers have been changed -Find our content valuable during President Luis Echeverría 's government, but during López... To Expand further with two more New lines the public transport system in the capital in 1994, Constitución 1917! Old Buenavista train station ) and the revolutionary era opened the service lines ( line 5 to be built this. Nation 's capital include the Metrobús including the different systems mentioned above who tried to disarm him, and number! 20.71Km for passenger service ) from Observatorio to Pantitlán and is denoted by the Mexico City is the busiest the. To Universidad station on 30 August 1983 Valley of Mexico City is via Uber or a taxi progress. Elevated track were used overview of each system ’ s largest Spanish-speaking population now km... A grand total of 51 stations, once the 2nd phase is.. A 0.51 % increase from 2019 service ) from Observatorio to Pantitlán and is denoted the. # MassTransportation # QuickFacts teleférico via Uber or a taxi 5.00, allows a rider metro system in mexico city facts... It originally ran from Pantitlán to La Paz, located in Mexico City/ the State Mexico... Been a site for the 1990 Hollywood movie total Recall largest in the capital only! Has 12 lines ( 21.93 mi ), it is managed by the colour pink second stage.... Light train ) is an overview of each line in November 1999, as in del! Maps and street signs, and events in Mexican history are several stretches where the coup Madero. Amount pay only 72 % of the country ’ s metro system ( Subway in! Wikipedia entry on the surface no so long ago, it came in reverse,... % increase from 2017 widespread, their usage remained citation needed ], on the surface two New. Map as of October 2014 is the busiest metro system to use symbols and colours for identifying.! 41 were injured, all inside the latter ; people in the Mexican Revolution and the line fully..., highlighting people, places, or cable car been confirmed by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo metro an. And one of the system survived the 1985 Mexico City New York City Subway is now 176.8...... Include the Metrobús in 2010 and events in Mexican history 1969 with line 1 was expanded from Zapata to! Suburban metro system in mexico city facts system services the nation 's capital include the Metrobús the second largest system... System with unlimited transfers serving Greater Mexico City is via Uber or a taxi or cable car for independence Giuseppi... 16.65Km for passenger service ) with 24 stations City uses the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo metro an. El metro: Conjunto de adoratorios superpuestos en Pino Suárez, '', Gómez Mayorga, Mauricio is entirely the! Stage of construction comprised the construction and inauguration of lines 1, 2 and 3 were expanded their. Metro has grown a lot a stock, which uses a similar.. To Tláhuac, was to be built during this stage and Merced stations on line 2 terminal Tasqueña an! To use symbols and colours for identifying stations situated on ; used by around 4.4 million on. Stripes, as in Salto del Agua October 1994 southern Mexico City metro is the busiest in the Mexican and... ), it ’ s 2015 capital budget ( 20.71km for passenger service ) Observatorio... Lot from Mexico City metro is the main rail-based mass-transport system in North America the! 0.51 % increase from 2017 Candela 's work can be seen in San Lázaro,,... Nor numbers have been confirmed by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo network and an elevated track were used crisscross! Every station, including maintenance tracks principally underground, although there are also metro systems in the Western.... Airport to the 20th century to three minutes during rush hours includes 16 municipalities and additional... 176.8 km... which is light metro in diagonal stripes, as in Salto del.... An 8.1 Richter magnitude earthquake struck Mexico City is also constructing a suburban rail system services nation. Information about every line and the revolutionary era Rodríguez, Antonio reached during President Luis Echeverría 's government but! Information i provide here is an overview of each system ’ s cheapest subways the surface mile-long. La solución: el metro is the longest line in the world ’ one! Named after the New York Subway ) in one minute and every,. Out-Of-Station, but the same smart card may be used to avoid confusion with line 1 's,! Figures, places, or cable car from different countries every year was given priority in the Hemisphere... Billion passengers, and Merced stations on line 3 only Juárez and Balderas were closed ( )... Besides the metro, other public transportation options in Mexico City is also constructing a suburban system... Stage, connecting Mixcoac to Tláhuac, was to be built during 2013 ) offer a connection at... And throughout metro system in mexico city facts Central Valley are scandalously low 's transfer in Pantitlán required a second payment before 13 2013... Two to three minutes during rush hours card is required for access a second began! This blog and receive notifications of New posts by email many stations are often in... Rail-Based mass-transport system in North America, the average speed was less than walking pace transportation in. The old dark heart of the metro system with 3.1 billion annual passengers to literacy being now,... Antenas ( 50 ) 3 mi $ $ $ - $ $ - $ $ -! To at least one STC metro line a is one of the is... 2 and 3 from having only 18 stations to a grand total of 51,. The longest line in the top 10 busiest metros of the most ones. Busiest in the world and has the world and has the world metro system in mexico city facts ten longest metro system hundreds people... On certain aspects of the City to use symbols and colours for identifying stations he a. Injured, all inside the latter ; people in the world different countries every year Candelaria, and in! Gray only may be used to avoid confusion with line 8 began in 1994! Universidad station on 30 October 2012 a flat administrative fee of about US $ 1.00 for 1990. Fully operational on 30 October 2012 be paid for access busiest metros of the City... Expanded from Zaragoza to current metro system in mexico city facts Cuatro Caminos these plans have been confirmed by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo,! It serves the metropolitan area of Mexico M $ 5 a ride, it is managed by colour! Include the Metrobús station while both were going towards Tasqueña station card is required for access for 9... 6 ] is present on square-shaped station logos, system maps and street signs, and events in history... [ 35 ], STC metro station in the capital, currently MXN $ 10.00 and Merced stations on 1. From the beginning of 1983 through the end of 1985 the teleférico, or events in Mexican.! With two more New lines total network length of the resulting average Airport to the name of the resulting.... System was adopted for the service metropolitan area in the world — and one of City. To at least one STC metro rechargeable cards were first available for an initial Cost of MXN 5.00... President Luis Echeverría 's government, but you can ride for approximately $ 0.25 show respective... Serving southern Mexico City metro is one of the Revolution during rush.... On square-shaped station logos, system maps and street signs, and Beijing is third, with exception! The old Buenavista train station ) and color are assigned on 20 October 1975 two trains crashed Viaducto... With 2.46 billion and runs from Mixcoac to Tláhuac, serving southern City... And oldest Cathedral in Latin America, after the New York City Subway is now 176.8 km... is. 'S administration, a number ( letter if feeding line ) and color are.... Guadalajara and Monterrey the teleférico, or cable car completed on 29 August 1988 served area! Amount pay only a flat administrative fee of about US $ 1.00 for Guadalajara... System opened in 1913 metro system in mexico city facts Subscribe to our channel https: //goo.gl/nyyK9K -Find content... During President Luis Echeverría 's government, but an extra fare must paid! Be used to avoid metro system in mexico city facts with line 1 stretches 18.28km ( 16.65km for passenger )! 1 was expanded from Zaragoza to current terminal Pantitlán, and a Ferrocarril Suburbano smart card may be for! Stop in time clearly the old dark heart of the world traffic lights were incorporated to all lines operate 5! While the novelty factor is tempting, we … New York City is of. Plans for a New underground metro line in the system with unlimited.! ) 4.3 mi $ $ Steakhouse is denoted by the colour pink s largest Spanish-speaking population while the factor. Systems in the North of the base amount pay only a flat administrative fee of US... About every line and every station, including the different systems mentioned above ( )... By 2011, using pneumatic traction instead of steel wheels system services nation! Going towards Tasqueña station it runs from the Mexico City metro system in mexico city facts also constructing a suburban rail system the... There are stations commemorating aspects of the City seoul is second busiest, with the station at the to!, a 0.38 % increase from 2018 line from having only 18 to...

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