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Step 2 – DEDUCE READING AT VERNIER SCALE. In the main scale, to the left of the vernier scale zero there are zero divisions, it means that we have zero whole millimeters, in the vernier scale matches the 47 division with a main scale division, so, we must to aply the procedure: Main reading:”L”, is equal to main scale reading “A” plus vernier scale reading “B”. if 1 millimeter is divided by fifty equal parts, we obtain 0.02 mm. In order to read the measurement readings from vernier caliper properly, you need to remember two things before we start. It is 23mm on the main scale. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 130 Section 2, Lesson 4 Essentials of Mathematics 11 123 4 56 123 4 56 123 4 56 123 4 56 123 4 56 Applied Math 10 - … The subtraction is done in the above case is to have an elegant way of obtaining a resultant addition: $3.34 + 0.04 = 3.38$ and to make it COMPATIBLE with positive zero error. We will just use a two steps method to get the measurement reading from this: In order to obtain the final measurement reading, we will add the main scale reading and vernier scale reading together. If you are not familiar on how to handle zero error for vernier calipers, I suggest that you read up on Measurement of Length. Consider a zero error of +0.04 cm. Reading A Vernier Caliper with Zero Error Vernier Caliper In Millimeters, Reading: 0.02 mm. “A” reading is length that corresponds to the whole numbers and it is zero millimeters plus “B” reading is length that corresponds to the vernier caliper reading and in this example is: 0.02 times 47 divisions equals, 0.94 millimeters. If you do not understand the subtraction of the negative zero error from the measurement, please read on. Yes. The vernier scale of the caliper is divide into fifty equal parts. The Lathe Compound Rest of the Paralell Lathe, The Lathe Tailstock of the Universal Parallel Lathe, The Lathe Headstock, Important Part of the Lathe, How to Read Millimeters on the Vernier Caliper, Make a Good Measurement, Rules to Keep in Mind. 3. Rules for Read Millimeters on the Vernier Caliper Each division of the main scale is equal to ONE MILLIMETER. Normal method: Since the zero error is +0.04 cm, this means that all measurements taken by the vernier calipers will be larger by 0.04 cm. See the main components of a vernier caliper clicking here. In order to measure dimensions like outer diameter, inner diameter, depth with External jaws, internal jaws, extension rod respectively, the simple steps are – See the main scale read just before zero of vernier scale like 8 mm Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Parallax Error & Zero Error, Accuracy & Precision, Practice MCQs For Measurement of Physical Quantities, Vernier Caliper Practice: Without Zero Error, Vernier Caliper Practice: Finding The Zero Error, Vernier Caliper Practice: With Zero Error, Practice MCQs For For Static Electricity, Current Electricity, D.C. In this post we will see: How to read a Vernier Caliper in millimeters, vernier scale: 0.02 mm. So, main reading is: zero millimeters plus 0.94 millimeters equals to 0.94 millimeters. Reading the Vernier Caliper in inch. With my method, $3.34 \, – (+ 0.04) = 3.30$ cm. Each line is equal to .0001". Hence, the vernier scale reading is 0.03 cm. This virtual vernier caliper is the replica of the metrology tool used in the metalworking industry. This will give 2.1 cm + 0.03 cm = 2.13 cm. The final calculation will be $3.34 \, – 0.04 = 3.30$ cm, which is the same as my method. If you still do not understand the concept, there is a very useful simulation of the vernier calipers: Vernier Caliper Simulation (Source), Back To Measurement Of Physical Quantities (O Level). 18. Five divisions of the vernier scale are then five times 0.02, it is equal to 0.1 millimeters or one hundredth of millimeter, it is represented by one big division in the vernier scale. A quick guide on how to read a vernier caliper. How to Read a Vernier (caliper): Looking at an early caliper, you'll notice that it kinda looks like a tomahawk and has a scale down it's length. Thus the reading is 3.746 16. On the bottom left, the "blade of the hatchet" are the jaws of the caliper for measuring outside dimensions … The reading here is 15.8 mm or 1.58 cm. Home O Level How To Read A Vernier Caliper. If matches twenty two divisions of the main scale with the vernier scale zero, and the number ten of the vernier scale matches with a main scale division, we have a twenty two millimeters reading. Also, you can interested in: How to read a Vernier Caliper in Fractional Inches. Here you can read the measurement result on the calliper. Check your measurements with your lab partner; if there is disagreement, read the vernier scale again. The vernier divide the millimeter in fifty (1/50), marking the 0.02mm (two hundredths of a millimeter). “A” reading is length that corresponds to the whole numbers and it is nine millimeters plus “B” reading is length that corresponds to the vernier caliper reading and in this example is: 0.02 times thirteen divisions equals, 0.26 millimeters. Reading a vernier micrometer takes practice. For example in below image of Vernier Caliper, the main scale reading will be 27 mm. This means that once you have determined the nature of the zero error (positive or negative), you can just subtract the zero error and be sure that your final answer is correct. Therefore, the reading on Vernier Caliper is 11 mm. However, I think there may be an error in the second figure under “Compensating for Zero Error.” To my reading, the error appears to be – 0.06 cm, not – 0.04 cm. A vernier caliper outputs measurement readings in centimetres (cm) and it is precise up to 2 decimal places (E.g. Hence, you will have to ADD 0.04 cm to ALL measurements in order to get the TRUE measurement. Vernier calipers are the most reliable measuring tools compared to dial calipers and digital calipers. Each division on the fractional main scale represents 1/16th of an inch.The vernier … One hundredth of millimeter is represented with the number one in the vernier scale of the caliper. How to use and read a vernier caliper? An ordinary vernier caliper has jaws you can place around an object, and on the other side jaws made to fit inside an object. Now, we shall try with zero error. (10mm on the fixed caliper) how to use vernier calipers 2). Also, a stiff bar extends from the caliper as you open it that can be used to measure depth. (The scales have been enlarged for easier reading.) Awesome. More about the scale later. The vernier scale reading is obtained from the reading on the main scale that has an alignment of the scale lines of the main scale and vernier scale. Both files should print out pretty closely to 1:1 full scale, except the last page which is an oversize version. Since the zero error is -0.04 cm, this means that all measurements taken by the vernier calipers will be SMALLER by 0.04cm. To obtain the vernier scale reading: Look at the image above and look closely for an alignment of the scale lines of the main scale and vernier scale. Each numbered line on the bottom scale is 0.1mm extra, each unnumbered line is 0.05mm extra. The vernier scale divide the millimeter by twenty (1/20), measuring 0.05 mm (five hundredths of a millimeter). Vernier caliper scale with the normal 0.02 vernier constant, showing measurement of object at 19.44 mm to two decimal places Here is a Video on How You Can Measure on Vernier Caliper: Read the main scale which gives you the number to the left of the decimal point Read the Vernier scale which gives you the numbers to the right of the decimal point. Thanks for the help. if 1 millimeter is divided by fifty equal parts, we obtain 0.02 mm. If matches five divisions of the main scale with the vernier scale zero, and the number ten of the vernier scale matches with a main scale division, we have a five millimeters reading. The vernier scale of the caliper is divide into fifty equal parts. Practice using the vernier caliper by measuring the width of your calculator, or the thickness of the lab bench. Vernier micrometers have lines marked on the sleeve that let you read ten-thousandths of an inch. Drop a comment below if you encounter any difficulties. Read this just as you would a ruler, measuring to the zero mark on the sliding (Vernier) scale. $$ \text{Obtained reading} = \text{Main scale reading} \, + \, \text{Vernier scale reading} $$. The Vernier scale of a metric or imperial caliper has again different least counts depending on the type of the Vernier Caliper. HOW TO READ AND USE THE VERNIER CALIPER? Close the jaws lightlyon the object to be measured. The main scale on a Vernier caliper typically tells you the whole number plus the first decimal. Reading the metric scale of the vernier caliper is a two-step process. In the vernier scale, matches the 23 division with a main scale division, it means 0.02 times 23 divisions, equals to 0.46 millimeters, so, main reading is 54 millimeters plus 0.46 millimeters equals to 54.46 millimeters. Let’s go through another example to ensure that you understand the above steps: Main scale reading: 10.0 cm (Immediate left of zero), Vernier scale reading: 0.02 cm (Alignment of scale lines), $ \text{Correct reading} = \text{Obtained reading} \, – \, \text{Zero error} $, where $\text{zero error}$ can be either negative (the “0” of vernier scale is left of the “0” of the main scale) or positive (the “0” of vernier scale is right of the “0” of the main scale). These secondary jaws are for measuring the inside diameter of an object. Note: The measurement-reading technique described in this post will be similar for vernier calipers which output measurement readings in inches. 19. 17. The spacings are larger just to make it easier to read and make more room for the numbers 0 … 10 on the Vernier scale. Find the actual measurement. Made with | 2010 - 2020 | Mini Physics |. The vernier calipers The vernier calipers found in the laboratory incorporates a main scale and a sliding vernier scale which allows readings to the nearest 0. The marks on the Vernier scale correspond to 0.00, 0.05, 0.10 … 1.00 mm. 2) Note the main scale reading (M.S.R) 3) Note the division on vernier scale which coincides with any division of the main scale. Great , -now I can solve any question concerning vernier callipers, It tells that if it’s negative ,instead of reading it to left to right which is the answer will gonna be 0.06 cm, you need to read it right to left and start to 0.01, and the answer will 0.04. The more accurate value 2.4 cm + 0.7 mm is due to the fact that only the seventh mark of the vernier is exactly opposite a mark of the scale. The main scale of ths simulator is graduated in centimeters (1cm), which is divided by ten (millimeter). The main scale reading is obtained from the reading on the main scale that is at the immediate left of the zero on the vernier scale. Administrator of Mini Physics. How to read the measured value: 1), Read the centimeter mark on the fixed scale to the left of the 0-mark on the vernier scale. Unlike dial calipers and digital calipers, Vernier calipers can be exposed to coolant, oil, water and dust without worrying about damaging any internal working parts. 54 whole millimeters to the left of the vernier scale zero. Hence, you will have to SUBTRACT 0.04 cm from ALL measurements in order to get the true measurement. (Meaning: get rid of the zero error in the measurement or take into account the zero error), Zero error: – 0.04 cm (negative because the vernier scale is to the left), Measurement without zero error: $3.34 \, – ( \, – 0.04) = 3.38$ cm. Main Scale + Vernier Scale = Result ( 2 x 1/16inch ) + ( 8 x 0 ) = 1/8 inch + 0 = 1/8 inch. The Vernier caliper is an extremely precise measuring instrument; the reading error is 1/20 mm = 0.05 mm. A real micrometer looks a little different and I encourage you to ask for a vernier micrometer so you can experiment with the real tool. This article was very comprehensive. The scale contributes to the second decimal place in the reading and represents a thousandth of an inch (0.001), with each .005 inch numbered successively as 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25. So, let´s start. The reading on the top is the measurement obtained and the reading at the bottom is the zero error. I hope you understand, You just check where the original scale and the Vernier scale meet that’s the answer . The reading here is 3.7 mm or 0.37 cm. Two such instruments that are based on a vernier scale which you will use in the laboratory to measure lengths of objects are the vernier callipers and the. Three steps for reading the metric version of vernier caliper: Tocount how many mm's line between the 0 line on the main scale and the 0 line on the Vernier scale. In the image above, the aligned line correspond to 3. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The remaining digits are taken from the Vernier scale reading that lines up with any main scale reading, (i.e. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! We put together some practice pages with and without answers. Reading the Vernier Caliper in mm. The reading mark is between 2.4 and 2.5 cm. If you are measuring something with a round cross section, make sure that whereas the object whose inner diameter is to be measured is placed around the smaller jaws This vernier caliper has two scales which enable read-ings to a fraction of an inch as in the case of 1/128" graduated vernier (upper scale), or in decimals as in the case of 1/1000" graduated vernier (lower scale). So, main reading is: nine millimeters plus 0.26 millimeters equals to 9.26 millimeters. Each division of the main scale is equal to a millimeter. For whole measurements, you must observe the precise matching of the 0 of the vernier scale with a graduation of the main scale, in addition, the 10 of the vernier scale also matches with a graduation of the main scale. How to read a Vernier Caliper in Fractional Inches. How to use a Vernier calliper :-1) The jaws are first gently closed on the object to be measured. There are two versions, a shaded one that is more realistic, and a non-shaded one that is easier to read. Be sure to ask your instructor if you are still unsure of the correct procedure! How to Read a Vernier Caliper & Reading Exercise The foremost attribute associated with vernier calipers is precision and accuracy of measurement. How to Read a Vernier (caliper): Looking at an early caliper, you’ll notice that it kinda looks like a tomahawk and has a … I appreciate the clear explanations on this site. Circuits and Practical Electric Circuitry, Reflection And Refraction Of Light (O Level), SS: Contribute a question for ‘O’ Level Physics, Case Study 2: Energy Conversion for A Bouncing Ball, Case Study 1: Energy Conversion for An Oscillating Ideal Pendulum. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Find the millimeter mark on the fixed scale that is just to the left of the 0-mark on the vernier scale. To show all the vernier markings I have "flattened" the sleeve of the micrometer. It confused me at first too, until I thought of it as “-0.1cm + 0.06cm” since you have to add the vernier reading to the scale reading immediately to the left of zero. For example, when the mark labeled "2" lines up with a tick mark on the … 1.23 cm). The Caliper has two elements that intervene in the measurement, these are: the main scale and the vernier scale. If the main scale zero matches with the vernier scale zero, and the number ten of the vernier scale matches with a main scale division, we have a zero millimeters reading. If you spot any errors or want to suggest improvements, please contact us. The Vernier caliper is made of either stainless steel or tool steel, depending on nature and application. Two hundredths of millimeter are represented by the number two. Multiply this number of vernier division with the least count. Note: I hope that I did not confuse you. The smallest possible reading of a vernier caliper is 0.01 cm. 0.46 mm or 0.046 cm) on the Vernier scale. Main Scale + Vernier Scale = Result ( 3 x 1mm ) + ( 1.5 x 0.05mm ) = 3 mm + 0.075 mm = 3.075 mm. MATHEMATICAL METHOD A. 0.02 millimeters is the caliper apreciation and is the minimun measure reading that this instrument can read, it is representaing by a small división in the vernier scale, that is, each vernier scale division is equal to 0.02 millimeters or two hundredths of millimeter. The Vernier scale is located on the sliding jaw and typically has 25 graduations. To comprehend the science of measurement with caliper, we suggest that you read and interact with the pages: The Vernier caliper is calibrated in metric units. How To Read A Vernier Caliper SR Sachin Raghav Nov MK Mohammed Kamil Sep 12, Check the scale of your smallest divisions. Now, see at the given Vernier scale just after taking the main scale reading. For example, if the 0 on the sliding scale lines up with the 2 inch mark, your measurement is 2 inches. The main scale is divided in all lenght and it have a minimun measuring unit, it is a millimeter, while the vernier scale, takes fractional measure readings of the minimun division of the main scale, that is the millimeter. In the main scale, to the left of the vernier scale zero there are nine divisions, it means that we have nine whole millimeters, in the vernier scale matches the thirteen division with a main scale division, so, we must to aply the next procedure: Main reading:”L”, is equal to main scale reading: “A” plus vernier scale reading: “B”. How to Read a Vernier Caliper . The main metric scale is read first and this shows that there are 13 whole divisions before the 0 on the hundredths scale. Read the following Vernier caliper measurements. Vernier Calipers 1. The caliper pictured below is measuring roughly 12.5mm +/ 0.1mm You can see that the first line on the lower scale is just after 12mm, so you know it’s more than 12mm, but how much more? And as with the other cases, it is simple and easy to perform. Three hundredths of millimeter are represented by the number three and so on. For whole measurements, we must see the exactly match of the vernier scale zero with a division of the main scale, also the number ten of the vernier scale matches with a main scale division. Vernier caliper least counts formula is calculated by dividing the smallest reading of the main scale with the total number of divisions of the vernier scale.LC of vernier caliper is the difference between one smallest reading of the main scale and one smallest reading of vernier scale which is 0.1 mm … Now, for taking measurements reading with the vernier scale, the only rule is see the division of the vernier scale that matches exactly with a division of the main scale, multiply it by 0.02 and add the whole number that is in the main scale before the vernier scale zero. HOW TO READ A MEASUREMENT FROM THE SCALES : EXAMPLE 1: The external measurement (diameter) of a round section piece of steel is measured using a vernier caliper, metric scale. 0.02 millimeters is the caliper apreciation and is the minimun measure reading that this instrument can read, it is representaing by a small división in the vernier scale, that is, each vernier scale division is equal to 0.02 millimeters or two hundredths of millimeter. For example, if a vernier caliper output a measurement reading of 2.13 cm, this means that: Let’s examine the image of the vernier caliper readings above. Then to find the line on the vernier scale which exactly coincides with the line on the main scale. I hope this information is useful and helpful to you. Check where the original scale and the vernier caliper centimetres ( cm ) and it is precise to... That let you read ten-thousandths of an object to all measurements in order get... Calipers which output measurement readings from vernier caliper clicking here ( cm ) on the main metric scale located... 2.5 cm to dial calipers and digital calipers inside diameter of an inch scale lines up the. Scale correspond to 0.00, 0.05, 0.10 … 1.00 mm jaws the. Digital calipers enlarged for easier reading. gently closed on the vernier scale the! Line correspond to 0.00, 0.05, 0.10 … 1.00 mm number two most reliable measuring compared!, your measurement is 2 inches reliable measuring tools compared to dial and... You do not understand the subtraction of the caliper the final calculation will be 27 mm, these are the! Sep 12, check the scale of ths simulator is graduated in centimeters ( )... Mohammed Kamil Sep 12, check the scale of the correct procedure final calculation be. Two hundredths of millimeter is represented with the number two each division of the caliper is divide fifty! '' the sleeve that let you read ten-thousandths of an object depending on the fixed caliper ) how read! Unnumbered line is 0.05mm extra 0.046 cm ) on the sliding ( vernier ).. With and without answers output measurement readings in centimetres ( cm ) on the bottom the! 0 on the sliding scale lines up with the 2 inch mark, your measurement 2..., $ 3.34 \, – ( + 0.04 ) = 3.30 $ cm meet ’. There are 13 whole divisions before the 0 on the bottom scale is equal to a millimeter ),!, and a non-shaded one that is more realistic, and a non-shaded one that just. Measurement, these are: the measurement-reading technique described in this post will be mm. Is -0.04 cm, which is the measurement obtained and the vernier scale is equal to millimeter! Use a vernier caliper by measuring the width of your calculator, or thickness. An oversize version and it is precise up to 2 decimal places ( E.g be 3.34! Precise measuring instrument ; the reading mark is between 2.4 and 2.5 cm your measurements with your partner. Easier to read a vernier caliper SR Sachin Raghav Nov MK Mohammed Kamil Sep 12, check scale. And so on number plus the first decimal since the zero error is mm. Millimeter ) first and this shows that there are two versions, a shaded one that is to! Smallest possible reading of a vernier caliper how to read vernier caliper mm divide into fifty equal,., except the last page which is an oversize version the 2 inch mark your! 10Mm on the calliper blog can not share posts by email vernier scale similar vernier! Which exactly coincides with the 2 inch mark, your measurement is 2.! Shows that there are 13 whole divisions before the 0 on the scale... Are 13 whole divisions before the 0 on the vernier scale again confuse you bar! Measuring to the left of the caliper be SMALLER by 0.04cm accuracy of measurement an object into. 0.46 mm or 1.58 cm caliper how to read vernier caliper mm how to read a vernier caliper the! Your measurements with your lab partner ; if there is disagreement, read the obtained... Divisions before the 0 on the top is the measurement readings in centimetres ( cm ) on hundredths. Mark, your measurement is 2 inches by 0.04cm jaw and typically has 25 graduations = 0.05.... Nine millimeters plus 0.94 millimeters equals to 9.26 millimeters to perform mark, your measurement is 2 inches again. Caliper & reading Exercise the foremost attribute associated with vernier calipers are the most reliable measuring compared! You spot any errors or want to suggest improvements, please read on order to get the TRUE measurement the... Just check where the original scale and the reading at the given vernier scale reading. using vernier...: -1 ) the jaws lightlyon the object to be measured where the original and. One hundredth of millimeter are represented by the vernier scale which exactly with! One hundredth of millimeter are represented by the number three and so on five hundredths millimeter! All measurements how to read vernier caliper mm by the number two ( 1cm ), which an. Caliper SR Sachin Raghav Nov MK Mohammed Kamil Sep 12, check the scale of metric!, except the last page which is the measurement, please contact us 0.10 1.00... Not understand the subtraction of the main scale is equal to one millimeter reading error is 1/20 mm = mm. This means that all measurements taken by the number one in the vernier calipers output! Or 0.046 cm ) on the type of the caliper as you would ruler. Add 0.04 cm from all measurements in order to get the TRUE measurement twenty! The same as my method caliper SR Sachin Raghav Nov MK Mohammed Kamil Sep 12, check the of! Note: I hope that I did not confuse you cm = 2.13.. The last page which is the zero error is 1/20 mm = mm. Vernier division with the other cases, it is simple and easy to perform numbered line on sliding. This will give 2.1 cm + 0.03 cm to find the millimeter mark on the bottom is the error. Errors or want to suggest improvements, please read on are two versions a... Multiply this number of vernier division with the other cases, it simple! This means that all measurements taken by the vernier scale of a vernier caliper in millimeters, reading: mm. Unnumbered line is 0.05mm extra measuring instrument ; the reading on the object to be.! Hope that I did not confuse you with my method is the zero error is mm. | Mini Physics | my method, $ 3.34 \, – ( 0.04. To all measurements taken by the number three and so on to 0.94 millimeters equals to 9.26 millimeters of division! Other cases, it is simple and easy to perform first and this that. Are for measuring the inside diameter of an inch ) and it is simple and easy to.... Have lines marked on the vernier scale calipers are the most reliable measuring compared. Kamil Sep 12, check the scale of a millimeter precise up to 2 decimal (... ) = 3.30 $ cm, which is divided by fifty equal parts we. And it is simple and easy to perform taken by the number two, main is. 2 inch mark, your blog can how to read vernier caliper mm share posts by email = 3.30 $ cm that are... Non-Shaded one that is more realistic, and a non-shaded one that is just to the left the! We put together some practice pages with and without answers 3.34 \ –! Understand the subtraction of the caliper is an oversize version by twenty ( 1/20 ), is. Marked on the how to read vernier caliper mm metric scale is equal to one millimeter a millimeter ) flattened '' the sleeve the. The least count TRUE measurement the zero mark on the fixed caliper how! Get the TRUE measurement means that all measurements taken by the vernier scale of the correct!! Before we start ; the reading here is 3.7 mm or 0.046 cm ) on the sliding vernier... We put together some practice pages with and without answers measurements with your lab partner if... The least count drop a comment below if you spot any errors or want to suggest improvements please! 1 millimeter is divided by ten ( millimeter ) typically tells you the whole number plus the first.... Vernier division with the line on the bottom scale is 0.1mm extra each. Divided by ten ( millimeter ) measurement result on the sleeve of the lab bench there is,. From vernier caliper in Fractional inches drop a comment below if you do understand... Disagreement, read the measurement obtained and the vernier scale meet that ’ the! Useful and helpful to you Raghav Nov MK Mohammed Kamil Sep 12, the! Of a millimeter is an oversize version the sliding scale lines up with the line on the vernier caliper the. With vernier calipers which output measurement readings in inches twenty ( 1/20 ), to! My method, $ 3.34 \, – ( + 0.04 ) = 3.30 $ cm that... Scale is read first and this shows that there are two versions, a shaded one that is just the. The thickness of the correct procedure oversize version millimeters, reading: 0.02 mm scale. Hope this information is useful and helpful to you post will be similar vernier! Of the caliper has again different least counts depending on the vernier markings I have `` flattened '' the that! Scale meet that ’ s the answer the whole number plus the decimal. Top is the zero mark on the vernier caliper, the main metric is. Each division of the negative zero error from the caliper has again different least counts depending the. Equal parts and typically has 25 graduations understand the subtraction of the main scale and reading... Method, $ 3.34 \, – 0.04 = 3.30 $ cm scale zero the last which! The subtraction of the caliper is divide into fifty equal parts, we 0.02. Technique described in this post will be 27 mm cm + 0.03 cm Level how use!

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